Amelia Mihaela Diaconescu


The phenomenon of corruption characterizes mainly the societies in transition, which are more vulnerable and go through a state of disorganization, therefore not being representative for the Romanian society only. Corruption has a direct impact on the economic and social development and destroys the benefits of the free market economy. The rules of the market economy are distorted, and the companies “bid based on commission” in order to obtain a profitable economic contract. Corruption involves an illegal agreement, based on a criminal negotiation process, in order to fulfill certain interests of economic nature in the benefit of the involved parties, among which one is a public clerk. The criminal activity usually takes place under conditions of unlawfulness and confidentiality. The capacity of the state bodies which have attributions in preventing and fighting against this phenomenon is diminished, under the aspect of the possibility to acquire certain information with an operative value, by the hidden, insidious character of the criminal negotiation. In order to ensure an effective frame of operative monitoring of the areas and sectors with criminal potential from the corruption point of view, we must start from identifying the sources of information and checking attentively their truthfulness, in order to trigger the criminal investigation.

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