IMPLEMENTATION OF EUROPEAN STANDARDS OF PROTECTION OF CHILDREN'S RIGHTS IN UKRAINE: PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS

Viktor Ladychenko, Liudmyla Golovko

Abstract


In Ukraine, despite a number of measures taken in recent years for the protection of children's rights, there are still many problems in this area, and, above all, in monitoring the observance of current legislation. This promotes comparative legal studies aimed at learning trends, patterns and features of legislation which protect child's rights in the world, especially in the EU member states. The article reveals the shortcomings of legal regulation of children's rights in Ukraine. Suggestions are made for the implementation of the best practices of EU member states in this area. Special attention is paid to the experience of the Nordic countries (Sweden, Norway, Finland) in the sphere of protection of children's rights. This is due to the fact that legal framework for protection of rights of children and young people in these countries is realized to a larger extent than in other European countries. Western European countries have long experience and have built up relevant practices in the sphere of protection of children. Among the other countries we selected Germany. In this country considerable attention is paid to strengthening preventive component of combating violations of children's rights. Public policy, national legislation, best practices of children's rights protection in the activities of state bodies, local authorities and non-governmental institutions are key aspects of the study. Provisions of national action plans that include targeted and effective measures aimed at enhancing protection of children's rights in EU member states were studied. The article also contains proposals concerning improvement of national legislation of Ukraine in the field of children's rights protection.


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